Dry Cleaning/Wet Cleaning
Dyes
Types of Soils
Fibers And Fabrics
Trims And Linings
Finishing
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TYPES OF SOILS
There are three basic types of soil:
Water-soluble soils often consist of body fluids, salts, or sugars and are best removed by water. Solvent- soluble soils are oils and greases, including natural oils secreted by the body, that dissolve readily in solvents and are best removed by drycleaning. Insoluble soils do not readily dissolve in either water or solvent and are normally removed by mechanical action and flushed away from the fabric.

Laundering and wetcleaning processes can be modified to remove some solvent-soluble soils with the addition of detergents or soaps. Detergents used for laundering are normally formulated with mild caustic materials. Because only milder detergents can be used in wetcleaning, the process is somewhat limited in its ability to remove oils. Similarly, drycleaning solvents can be enhanced with the addition of detergents to remove water-soluble soils. The degree of removal is dependent on the detergent used and the careful control of moisture during the cleaning process.

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