Dry Cleaning/Wet Cleaning
Types of Soils
Fibers And Fabrics
Trims And Linings
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Fabrics are made of fibers. Many fibers respond well to both wetcleaning and drycleaning. There are exceptions such as wool, linen, silk and rayon which are subject to shrinkage and felting when in contact with water. In addition, protein fibers like wool and silk tend to degrade after contact with even the mildest alkalies found in the wetcleaning process.. Wools also do not respond well to excessive heat typically used in the laundering process. The scaly nature of wool fibers tends to collapse when subject to heat and mechanical action, producing irreversible shrinkage and felting of the fabric. This problem is enhanced in garments with a loose fabric construction, which tend to relax if the article is washed and shrinkage results. These effects can be minimized using a wet-cleaning (i.e., hand washing process.) Most fiber types are compatible with the drycleaning process because drycleaning solvent does not swell fibers and the clothes are cleaned at room temperature.