Dry Cleaning/Wet Cleaning
Types of Soils
Fibers And Fabrics
Trims And Linings
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Dry cleaning of garments with perchloroethylene or petroleum solvents avoids saturating the fabric with water. While the clothes are immersed, the solvent does not penetrate the fibers of the fabric, thereby avoiding the possible swelling and shrinking that can occur with water saturation. The garments are inspected and pre-spotted for stains and heavy soiling by a trained "spotter". After pre-spotting they are sorted by types of fabric, color and weight and then machine-cleaned in solvent containing detergent. The solvent is removed from the garments by draining, spinning and tumble dying with hot air. The recovered solvent is filtered and purified for reuse by a distillation process.

A typical wetcleaning cycle consists of numerous successive batch operations using detergents, soaps and bleaches, followed by a rinse operation. As in the drycleaning process, the garments are inspected and, if necessary, pre-spotted. Garments made of delicate fabrics are immersed in water containing detergent and gently hand washed, while heavier fabrics may be scrubbed. The garments are then rinsed, dried in a machine dryer, or hung dry and finished.

The factors determining the cleaning method used whether a garment is cleaned in water or solvent are: The types of soil present. The fiber composition and garment construction. The dye present in the fabric and the nature of the various trims, linings, or other findings that may be used in the garment.